1959Started Calligraphy from 1972Teaching Calligraphy in the Iranian Society of Calligraphers from 1980
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Islamic Calligraphy from 9th-19th Centuries
By: Shawn Ghassemi
Published by: ART PASSAGES
Sami Afendi (Ottoman Turkish: سامى Modern Turkish: Hattat Mehmet Sâmi Afendi)
(1837-1912) was an Ottoman calligrapher. The Tughra found its definitive shape in the era of Abdulhamid II in the hands of Sami Efendi.
Teachers Name: Hashim Muhammad Baghdadi
Calligraphy material includes, papers, boards, inks, pens, knifes, erasers and burnishing tools. We will publish detailed tutorials to prepare inks, papers and pens.
(Ottoman Turkish: مصطفى رآقم; Modern Turkish: Mustafa Râkım)
by Munshi Shams ud Din Ijaz Raqam Lakhnavi
Teacher(s)/Instructor(s): Munshi Muhammad Shareef Ludhyanwi, M.M. Shareef Artist, Tajuddin Zarreen Raqam