Category: Turkish

Mustafa Raqim

an Ottomancalligrapher.[1] He extended and reformed Hâfiz Osman‘s style, placing greater emphasis on technical perfection, which broadened the calligraphic art to encompass the Sülüs script...

Sami Afandi

1837-1912 Sami Afandi (Ottoman Turkish: سامى Modern Turkish: Hattat Mehmet Sâmi Afendi) (1837-1912) was an Ottoman calligrapher. The Tughra found its definitive shape in the era of Abdulhamid...