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Place of Birth: Istanbul, Turkey
Teacher(s)/Instructor(s): Alhaj Suleman, Sami Afendi
Teacher(s)/Instructor(s): Yousuf Arzanjani, Hasan Chalbi
Real Name: Sheikh Musa Azmi
Teacher(s)/Instructor(s): Nazeef Bey, Ismail Haqqi Afandi, Khulusi Afendi, Amin Afendi, Ahmad Kamil Afendi
Students: (Tukish) Mustafa Haleem Afendi, Hasan Chalbi, Badawi Derani, Khusro Sobashi,
In the district of Istanbul he was born in the year 1898.
(Ottoman Turkish: مصطفى رآقم; Modern Turkish: Mustafa Râkım)
Sami Afendi (Ottoman Turkish: سامى Modern Turkish: Hattat Mehmet Sâmi Afendi)
(1837-1912) was an Ottoman calligrapher. The Tughra found its definitive shape in the era of Abdulhamid II in the hands of Sami Efendi.